What You Should Know About The 3 Ayurvedic Doshas

What You Should Know About The 3 Ayurvedic Doshas

Ayurveda is a word derived from the Sanskrit language meaning life and longevity. The Ayurvedic philosophy was created in India but has since achieved popularity all around the globe. Ayurveda is based on the basic philosophy of creating a  balance between the mind, body and spirit.

According to Ayurveda, we’re all born with a life force that comprises the five elements of nature – earth, air, water, space and fire. Humans have a unique balance of these five elements in varying degrees.

The balance between these elements is called Dosha. There are three fundamental doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Being healthy is when you have a perfect balance of these three doshas. 

What are the three doshas made of:

Vata is made up of space and air, which is the energy of the movement.

Pitta is made up of fire and water, which is the principle of digestion and metabolism.

Kapha is made up of water and earth, which is the principle of structure and lubrication.

Common issues like unhealthy diet, repressed emotions and insufficient exercise are the elements responsible for disturbing one’s doshic balance. For a healthy and balanced life, a person has to readjust the balance of their doshas as the condition demands.

Simply put, health means order and balance, whereas disease is disorder and imbalance.

We all have the three doshas but in most cases only one of them is primary, the other is secondary and the third one is the least prominent.

The three doshas


Vata is the main Ayurvedic principle in the body. It is responsible for regulating every activity in the body – mental as well as physiological. It regulates our breathing, blinking, the beating of our heart, and many other bodily functions. When in balance, Vata is lively and energetic. For keeping Vata in balance, adequate rest and relaxation are of utmost importance. Someone with an imbalanced Vata may face problems like dry hair, dry skin, and cough.


Pitta is the fire element and it regulates the body temperature. It is responsible for regulating the body temperature through the chemical transformation of food, governing digestion, absorption, assimilation, metabolism and nutrition. It increases vitality and appetite. People with prominent pitta dosha are strong-willed, determined and have great leadership qualities.

An out of balance pitta leads to feelings of anger and agitation and can even cause burning disorders such as ulcers and inflammation. For maintaining a balance of pitta, massages, inhaling cooling scents like rose, mint and lavender are very helpful.


Kapha dosha is very beneficial for maintaining body resistance. People with dominant Kapha dosha are thoughtful, calm, and steady. For maintaining a balance of this dosha, gentle exercise, stimulating activities and extra intake of fluids are very helpful. Kapha takes care of the body’s anabolism which is the process of building the body, growth, and repair and creation of new cells.

Stay healthy, stay safe 🙂